Somalia Table of Contents
Abir, M. "Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa." Pages 537-77 in Richard
     Gray (ed.), The Cambridge History of Africa, 4: From c.
     1600 to c. 1790. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Abdulqawi, A. Yusuf. "The Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1897 and the
     Somali-Ethiopian Dispute," Horn of Africa, 3, No. 1,
     January-March 1980, 38-42.

Beachey, R.W. "The Arms Trade in East Africa in the Late Nineteenth
     Century," Journal of African History [Cambridge], 3,
     No. 3, 1962, 451-67.

Bell, J. Bowyer. The Horn of Africa: Strategic Magnet in the
     Seventies. New York: Crane, Russak for National Security
     Information Center, 1973.

------. "Strategic Implications of the Soviet Presence in Somalia,"
     Orbis, 19, No. 2, Summer 1975, 402-11.

Burton, Richard. First Footsteps in East Africa. (Ed.,
     Gordon Waterfield.) (Travellers and Explorers Series.) New
     York: Praeger, 1966.

Caroselli, Francesco S. Ferro e fuoco in Somalia. Rome:
     Sindicato Italiano Arti Grafichi, 1931.

Cassanelli, Lee Vincent. "The Benaadir Past: Essays in Southern
     Somali History." (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin,
     1973.) Ann Arbor: Xerox University Microfilms, 74-9171.

------. The Shaping of Somali Society: Reconstructing the
     History of a Pastoral People, 1600-1900. Philadelphia:
     Pennsylvania University Press, 1982.

Castagno, Alphonso A., Jr. "The Horn of Africa and the Competition
     for Power." Pages 155-80 in Albin J. Cottrell and R.M. Burrell
     (eds.), The Indian Ocean: Its Political, Economic, and
     Military Importance. New York: Praeger, 1972.

------. Somalia. (International Conciliation Series.) New
     York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 1959.

------. "Somali Republic." Pages 512-59 in James S. Coleman and
     Carl G. Rosberg (eds.), Political Parties and National
     Integration in Tropical Africa. Berkeley: University of
     California Press, 1964.

Castagno, Margaret. Historical Dictionary of Somalia.
     Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1975.

Cerulli, Enrico. Somalia: Scritti vari editi ed inediti.
     (3 vols.) Rome: Istituto Poligrafico della Stato, 1957-64.

Chittick, Neville. "An Archaeological Reconnaissance of the
     Southern Somali Coast," Azania [Nairobi], 4, 115-30.

Clark, John D. The Prehistoric Cultures of the Horn of Africa:
     An Analysis of the Stone Age Cultural and Climatic Succession
     in the Somalilands and Eastern Parts of Abyssinia.
     (Occasional Publications of the Cambridge University Museum of
     Archaeology and Ethnology, 2.) Cambridge: Cambridge University
     Press, 1954.

Collins, Douglas. A Tear for Somalia. London: Jarrolds,

Compagnon, Daniel. "The Somali Opposition Fronts: Some Comments and
     Questions," Horn of Africa, 13, Nos. 1-2, January-
     June 1990, 29-54.

Contini, Paolo. The Somali Republic: An Experiment in Legal
     Integration. London: Cass, 1969.

Doornbos, Martin R. "The Shehu and the Mullah: The Jehods of Usuman
     Dan Fodio and Muhammad Abd-Allah Hassan in Comparative
     Perspective," Acta Africana [Geneva], 14, No. 2,
     1975, 7-31.

Drysdale, John G. The Somali Dispute. New York: Praeger,

Farer, Tom J. War Clouds on the Horn of Africa: A Crisis for
     Détente. New York: Carnegie Endowment for International
     Peace, 1976.

FitzGibbons, Louis. The Betrayal of the Somalis. London:
     Collings, 1982.

------. The Evaded Duty. London: Collings, 1985.

Gersony, Robert. "Why Somalis Flee: A Synthesis of Accounts of
     Conflict Experience in Northern Somalia by Somali Refugees,
     Displaced Persons, and Others." Washington: Department of
     State, 1989.

Gorelick, Robert E. "Pan-Somali-ism v. Territorial Integrity,"
     Horn of Africa, 3, No. 4, October-December 1980, 31-

Hancock, Graham. Lords of Poverty: The Power, Prestige and
     Corruption of International Aid Business. New York:
     Atlantic Monthly Press, 1989.

Heine, Bernd. "Linguistic Evidence on the Early History of the
     Somali People." Pages 23-33 in Hussein M. Adam (ed.),
     Somalia and the World: Proceedings of the International
     Symposium. Mogadishu: National Printing Press, 1979.

Henze, Paul B. The Horn of Africa: From War to Peace. New
     York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

Hess, Robert L. Italian Colonialism in Somalia. Chicago:
     University of Chicago Press, 1966.

------. "The `Mad Mullah' and Northern Somalia," Journal of
     African History [Cambridge], 5, No. 3, 1964, 415-33.

------. "The Poor Man of God: Muhammed Abdullah Hassan." Pages 63-
     108 in Norman R. Bennett (ed.), Leadership in Eastern
     Africa: Six Political Biographies. Boston: Boston
     University Press, 1968.

Hoskyns, Catherine (ed.). The Ethiopia-Somalia-Kenya Dispute,
     1960-67. (Case Studies in African Diplomacy, No. 2.) Dar
     es Salaam: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Jardine, Douglas J. The Mad Mullah of Somaliland. London:
     Jenkins, 1923. Reprint. New York: Negro Universities Press,

Karp, Mark. The Economics of Trusteeship in Somalia.
     (African Studies Program Series.) Boston: Boston University
     Press, 1960.   

Kebede, Yonas. "The Legal Aspect of the Ethiopian-Somali Dispute,"
     Horn of Africa, 1, No. 1, January-March 1978, 26-31.

Laitin, David D. Politics, Language, and Thought: The Somali
     Experience. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.

------. "Somalia's Military Government and Scientific Socialism."
     Pages 174-206 in Carl G. Rosberg and Thomas M. Callaghy
     (eds.), Socialism in Sub-Saharan Africa: A New
     Assessment. Berkeley: Institute of International Studies,
     University of California Press, 1979.

------. "The War in the Ogaden: Implications for Siyaad's Role in
     Somali History," Journal of Modern African Studies
     [Cambridge], 17, No. 1, March 1979, 95-115.

Laitin, David D., and Said S. Samatar. Somalia: Nation in
     Search of a State. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press,

Laurence, Margaret. The Prophet's Camel Bell. New York:
     Macmillan, 1963.

Legum, Colin (ed.). Africa Contemporary Record: Annual Survey
     and Documents. (Annuals 1978-1979 through 1990-1991.) New
     York: Africana, 1980-92.

Legum, Colin, and Bill Lee. The Horn of Africa in Continuing
     Crisis. New York: Africana, 1979.

Lewis, Herbert S. "The Origins of the Galla and Somali,"
     Journal of African History [Cambridge], 7, No. 1,
     1966, 27-46.

Lewis, I.M. "Conformity and Contrast in Somali Islam." Pages 240-52
     in I.M. Lewis (ed.), Islam in Tropical Africa. (2d
     ed.) Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1980.

------. "Dualism in Somalian Notions of Power," Journal of the
     Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and
     Ireland [London], 93, Pt. 1, January-June 1963, 109-16.

------. "From Nomadism to Cultivation: The Expansion of Political
     Solidarity in Southern Somalia." Pages 59-78 in Mary Douglas
     and Phyllis M. Kaberry (eds.), Man in Africa. London:
     Tavistock, 1969.

------. "Historical Aspects of Genealogies in Northern Somali
     Social Structure." Journal of African History
     [Cambridge], 3, No. 1, 1962, 35-48.

------. "In the Land of the Mad Mullah." Sunday Times
     [London], August 30, 1992, 8-9.

------. A Modern History of Somalia: Nation and State in the
     Horn of Africa. (Rev. ed.) Boulder, Colorado: Westview
     Press, 1988.

------. "Modern Political Movements in Somaliland, I,"
     Africa [London], 28, No. 3, July 1958, 244-61.

------. "Modern Political Movements in Somaliland, II,"
     Africa [London], 28, No. 4, October 1958, 344-63.

------. "The Nation, State, and Politics in Somalia." Pages 285-306
     in David R. Smock and Kwamena Bensi-Entchill (eds.), The
     Search for National Integration in Africa. New York: Free
     Press, 1975.

------. "Nationalism and Particularism in Somalia." Pages 339-62 in
     P.H. Gulliver (ed.), Tradition and Transition in East
     Africa: Studies of the Tribal Element in the Modern Era.
     Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.

------. A Pastoral Democracy. London: Oxford University
     Press, 1961.

------. Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar, and
     Saho. (Ethnographic Survey of Africa, Northeastern
     Africa, Pt. 1.) London: International African Institute, 1955.
     Reprint. London: International African Institute, 1969.

------. "The Problem of the Northern Frontier District of Kenya,"
     Race [London], 5, No. 1, July 1963, 48-60.

------. "Shaikhs and Warriors in Somaliland." Pages 204-23 in M.
     Fortes and G. Dieterlen (eds.), African Systems of
     Thought. London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

------. "The Somali Conquest of the Horn of Africa," Journal of
     African History [Cambridge], 1, No. 2, 1960, 213-29.

Lytton, Lord. The Stolen Desert. London: Macdonald, 1966.

Marcus, Harold G. The Modern History of Ethiopia and the Horn
     of Africa: A Select and Annotated Bibliography. Stanford:
     Hoover Institution Press, 1972.

Martin, Brad G. Muslim Brotherhoods in Nineteenth Century
     Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Mesfin Wolde-Mariam. Somalia: The Problem Child of Africa.
     Addis Ababa: Addis Ababa University, 1977.

Monroe, Elizabeth, and Jones, A.H.M. A History of
     Abyssinia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1935.

Pankhurst, E. Sylvia. Ex-Italian Somaliland. New York:
     Philosophical Library, 1951.

Payton, Gary D. "The Somali Coup of 1969: The Case for Soviet
     Complicity," Journal of Modern African Studies
     [Cambridge], 18, No. 3, September 1980, 493-508.

Pestalozza, Luigi. The Somalian Revolution. (Trans., Peter
     Clendening.) Paris: Editions Afrique, Asie, Amérique Latine,

Pothholm, Christian P. Four African Political Systems.
     Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1970.

Potter, Pitman B. The Wal Arbitration. (Monograph Series,
     Division of International Law, No. 3.) Washington: Carnegie
     Endowment for International Peace, 1938.

Reisman, W. Michael. "The Case of Western Somaliland: An
     International Legal Perspective," Horn of Africa, 1,
     No. 3, July-September 1978, 13-22.

Rennell, Francis James. British Military Administration of
     Occupied Territories in Africa During the Years 1941-
     1947. London: HMSO, 1948.

Rivlin, Benjamin. The United Nations and Italian Colonies.
     (United Nations Action, Case Histories, No. 1.) New York:
     Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1950.

Rubenson, Sven. "The Genesis of the Ethio-Somali Conflict." Pages
     641-57 in Robert L. Hess (ed.), Proceedings of the Fifth
     International Conference on Ethiopian Studies. Chicago:
     University of Illinois, 1980.

Samatar, Said S. "How to Run an SNM Gauntlet," Horn of
     Africa, 13, Nos. 1-2, April-June 1990, 78-87. 

------. "How to Save Somalia," Washington Post, December
     1, 1992, A19.

------. Oral Poetry and Somali Nationalism: The Case of Sayyid
     Mahammad Abdille Hasan. Cambridge: Cambridge University
     Press, 1982.

------. Somalia: A Nation in Turmoil. London: Minority
     Rights Group Report, 1991.

------. "The Somali Dilemma: Nation in Search of a State." Pages
     155-94 in Anthony I. Asiwaju (ed.), Partitioned Africans:
     Ethnic Relations Across Africa's International Boundaries,
     1884-1984. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1985.

Silberman, Leo. "The `Mad' Mullah: Hero of Somali Nationalism,"
     History Today [London], 10, No. 8, August 1960, 523-

------. "Why the Haud Was Ceded," Cahiers d'études
     africaines [Paris], 2, No. 1, 1961, 37-83.

Somalia. The Portion of Somali Territory under Ethiopian
     Colonization. Mogadishu: Government Publications, June

Taddesse, Tamrat. "Ethiopia, the Red Sea, and the Horn." Pages 99-
     182 in Richard Oliver (ed.), The Cambridge History of
     Africa, 3: From c. 1050 to c. 1600. Cambridge: Cambridge
     University Press, 1977.

Thompson, Virginia, and Richard Adloff. Djibouti and the Horn
     of Africa. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1968.

Touval, Saadia. Somali Nationalism: International Politics and
     the Drive for Unity in the Horn of Africa. Cambridge:
     Harvard University Press, 1963.

Turton, E.R. "Bantu, Galla, and Somali Migrations in the Horn of
     Africa: A Reassessment of the Juba-Tana Area," Journal of
     African History [Cambridge], 16, No. 4, 1975, 519-37.

------. "The Impact of Mohammad Abdille Hassan in the East Africa
     Protectorate," Journal of African History
     [Cambridge], 10, No. 4, 1969, 641-57.

------. "The Isaq Somali Diaspora and Poll-Tax Agitation in Kenya,
     1936-41," African Affairs [London], 73, July 1974,

------. "Kirk and the Egyptian Invasion of Africa in 1875: A
     Reassessment," Journal of African History
     [Cambridge], 11, No. 3, 1970, 355-70.

------. "Somali Resistance to Colonial Rule and the Development of
     Somali Political Activity in Kenya, 1893-1960," Journal of
     African History [Cambridge], 13, No. 1, 1972, 119-43.
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Source: U.S. Library of Congress