Syria Table of Contents
Abd-Allah, Umar F. The Islamic Struggle in Syria.
     Berkeley: Mizan Press, 1983.

Abu Jaber, Kamal S. The Arab Baath Socialist Party.
     Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1966.

Altounyan, Taqui. "To Aleppo Once Again," Middle East
     International [London], No. 26, August 1973, 20-22.

Amnesty International. Report from Amnesty International to
     the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic, 1983.
     London: November 1983.

Amos, John W. Arab-Israeli Military Political Relations: Arab
     Perceptions and the Politics of Escalation. New York:
     Pergamon Press, 1979.

Antonius, George. The Arab Awakening. New York:
     Capricorn, 1963.

Atiya, Aziz. Crusade, Commerce, and Culture.
     Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1962.

Barker, A.J. Arab-Israeli Wars. New York: Hippocrene
     Books, 1981.

Communique of the Islamic Revolution in Syria and its
     Success.Bayan al-Thawrat al-Islamiyah fi Suriya wa
     Najahuha. Damascus: Command of the Islamic Revolution
     in Syria, 9 November 1980.

Bleaney, C.H. (comp.) Modern Syria: An Introduction.
     Durham, United Kingdom: University of Durham, 1979.

Burke, Edmund III. "A Comparative View of French Native Policy in
     Morocco and Syria, 1912-1925," Middle Eastern Studies
     [London], 9, No. 2, May 1973, 175-86.

Cass, Alain. "Assad's Difficult Choice," Middle East
     International [London], No. 55, January 1976, 9-11.

Dawisha, Adeed I. Syria and the Lebanese Crisis. London:
     Macmillan, 1980.

Dawisha, Karen. "The USSR in the Middle East: Superpower in
     Eclipse," Foreign Affairs, 61, No. 2, Winter 1982-
     83, 438-51.

Deeb, Marius. The Lebanese Civil War. New York: Praeger,

________. "Lebanon's Continuing Conflict," Current
     History, January 1985, 13-15.

Dekmejian, Richard H. Fundamentalism in the Arab World.
     Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1985.

Dessouki, Ali E. (ed.). Islamic Resurgence in the Arab
     World. New York: Praeger, 1982.

Devlin, John F. The Ba'th Party: A History from Its Origins
     to 1966. Stanford, California: Hoover Institution
     Press, 1976.

_______. Syria: Modern State in an Ancient Land.
     Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1983.

Drysdale, Alasdair. "Syria's Troubled Baathi Regime," Current
     History, January 1981, 32-35, 37-38.

Eigeland, Tor. "Ebla, City of the White Stones," Aramco World
     Magazine, 29, No. 2, March-April 1978, 10-19.

Farsoun, Samih, and Walter Carroll. "The Civil War in Lebanon,"
     Monthly Review, 28, No. 2, June 1976.

Fedden, Robin. Syria and Lebanon. (3d ed.) London: John
     Murray, 1965.

Field, Michael. "Focus on Syria under Assad," Middle East
     International [London], No. 14, July 1972, 26-27, 30.

Freedman, Robert O. Soviet Policy Toward the Middle East
     Since 1910. (3d ed.) New York: Praeger, 1982.

George, A.R. "The Nomads of Syria: End of a Culture?" Middle
     East International [London], No. 22, April 1973, 21.

Glubb, John Bagot. Syria Lebanon Jordan. New York:
     Walker, 1967.

Greenwood, Bart. "The Fickle Stream," Middle East
     International [London], No. 22, April 1973, 23-25.

Grey, Lawrence. "The Destruction of Kuneitra," Middle East
     International [London], No. 41, November 1974, 24-26.

Haley, P. Edward, and Lewis W. Snider (eds.). Lebanon in
     Crisis: Participants and Issues. Syracuse, N.Y.:
     Syracuse University Press, 1979.

Hayani, Ibrahim. "Syria's Traditional Role," Middle East 
     International [London], No. 38, August 1974, 9-11.

Herzog, Chaim. The Arab-Israeli Wars: War and Peace in the
     Middle East. New York: Random House, 1982.

Hinnebusch, Raymond A. "Local Politics in Syria: Organization and
     Mobilization in Four Village Cases," Middle East
     Journal, 30, No. 1, Winter 1976, 1-24.

Hitti, Philip K. Makers of Arab History. New York:
     Harper and Row, 1971.

________. Syria: A Short History. London: Macmillan,

Holden, David. "Lebanon's Future in Syria's Hands," Middle
     East International [London], No. 57, March 1976, 6-9.

Holmstrom, David. "Syria--Unity, Liberty, and Socialism,"
     Middle East International [London], No. 22, April
     1973, 11-13.

Humphreys, R. Stephen. From Saladin to the Mongols. The
     Ayyubids of Damascus: 1193-1260. Albany: State
     University of New York Press, 1977.

Hureau, Jean. La Syrie aujourd'hui. Paris: Editions
     J.A., 1977.

Joarder, Safiuddin. "The Syrian Nationalist Uprising (1925-1927)
     and Henri de Jouvenel," Muslim World, 67, No. 3,
     July 1977, 185-204.

Kaylani, Nabil M. "The Rise of the Syrian Ba'th, 1940-1958:
     Political Success, Party Failure," International Journal
     of Middle East Studies, 3, No. 1, January 1972, 3-23.

Keilany, Ziad. "Socialism and Economic Change in Syria,"
     Middle Eastern Studies [London], 9, No. 1, January
     1973, 61-72.

Khadduri, Majid. Political Trends in the Arab World.
     Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1983.

Khoury, Philip S. Syria and the French Mandate.
     Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Legum, Colin, and Shaked Haim (eds.). Middle East
     Contemporary Survey, 1976-77, 1. New York: Holmes and
     Meier, 1978.

Legum, Colin, Shaked Haim, and Daniel Dishon (eds.). Middle
     East Contemporary Survey, 4, 1979-80. New York: Holmes
     and Meier, 1981.

________. Middle East Contemporary Survey, 5, 1980-81,
     New York: Holmes and Meier, 1982.

Longrigg, S.H. Syria and Lebanon Under French Mandate.
     Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1958.

Ma'oz, Moshe. Syria under Hafiz al-Asad: New Domestic and
     Foreign Policies. Jerusalem: Hebrew University of
     Jerusalem Press, 1986.

Malone, Joseph J. The Arab Lands of Western Asia.
     Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1973.

Mansfield, Peter. "Resurgent Syria," Middle East
     International [London], 8, No. 4, October 1977, 545-63.

Naomi, Joy. Syrian Intervention in Lebanon. New York:
     Oxford University Press, 1986.

The Middle East, 6th ed., Washington: Congressional
     Quarterly, 1986.

Middle East and North Africa 1983-1984 (l3th ed.)
     London: Europa, 1983.

Newhall, Richard A. The Crusades. New York: Holt,
     Rinehart and Winston, 1963.

Perera, Judith. "The Shifting Futures of Syria's Muslim
     Brotherhood," Middle East, May 1983, 25-28.

Peters, F.E. "The Nabateans in the Hawran," American Oriental
     Society Journal, No. 97, July 1977, 263-77.

Petran, Tabitha. Syria. New York: Praeger, 1972.

________. "Syria: Anxious but Resolute," Middle East
     International [London], No. 41, November 1974, 26-28.

________. "Syria: A Skeptical Ally," Middle East
     International [London], No. 49, July 1975, 12-14.

________. "Syria: Closing the Ranks," Middle East
     International [London], No. 53, November 1975, 7-8.

Rabinovitch, Itamar. The War for Lebanon, 1970-1983.
     Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983.

Reid, Donald M. "The Syrian Christians and Early Socialism in the
     Arab World," International Journal of Middle East
     Studies, 5, No. 2, April 1974, 177-93.

_________. "Syrian Christians, the Rags-to-Riches Story, and Free
     Enterprise," International Journal of Middle East
     Studies, I, No. 4, October 1970, 358-67.

Roberts, David. The Ba'th and the Creation of Modern
     Syria. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1987.

Roberts, Gordon. "The Druzes--A Community Apart," Middle East
     International [London], No. 26, August 1973, 23-25.

Runciman, Steven. A History of the Crusades. 3 vols. New
     York: Harper and Row, 1964.

Sachar, Howard M. The Emergence of the Middle East, 1914-
     1924. New York: Knopf, 1969.

Salih, Shakeeb. "The British-Druze Connections and the Druze
     Rising of 1896 in the Hawran," Middle Eastern
     Studies [London], 13, No. 2, May 1977, 251-57.

Salihi, Kamal Suleiman. Syria under Islam. Delmar, New
     York: Caravan, 1977.

Seale, Patrick. The Struggle for Syria. London: Oxford
     University Press, 1965.

Shorrock, William I. French Imperialism in the Middle East:
     The Failure of the French Policy in Syria and Lebanon, 1900-
     1914. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1976.

_________. "The Origin of the French Mandate in Syria and
     Lebanon: The Railroad Question, 1901-1914,"
     International Journal of Middle East Studies, 1,
     No. 3, July 1970, 133-53.

Simon, Reena S. "Hashemite Conspiracy: Hashemite Unity Attempts,
     1921-58," International Journal of Middle East
     Studies, 5, No. 3, June 1974, 314-27.

Spagnolo, J.P. "French Influence in Syria Prior to World War I:
     The Functional Weakness of Imperialism," Middle East
     Journal, 23, No. 1, Winter 1969, 45-62.

Springborg, Robert. "Baathism in Practice: Agriculture, Politics,
     and Political Culture in Syria and Iraq," Middle Eastern
     Studies, 17, No. 2, April 1981, 191-209.

Strategic Survey 1982-1983. London: International
     Institute for Strategic Studies, 1983.

Tibawi, A.L. A Modern History of Syria, Including Lebanon and
     Palestine. London: St. Martin's Press, 1969.

Torrey, Gordon H. "The Ba'th--Ideology and Practice," Middle
     East Journal, 23, No. 4, Autumn 1969, 445-70.

Van Dam, Nikolaos. The Struggle for Power in Syria:
     Sectarianism, Regionalism, and Tribalism in Politics, 1961-
     1978. London: Croom Helm, 1979.

Ziadeh, Nicola A. Urban Life in Syria under the Early
     Mamluks. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1970.
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Source: U.S. Library of Congress